This section focuses on the literary frameworks that Lang-Lit students need to refer to, together with the linguistic ones. Remember that you supposed to show understanding of Language and Literature in an integrated way – it is not healthy to think of half your course as the ‘language bit’ and the other as ‘the literature’. Sometimes students spend so long learning the linguistic concepts (since they’re less familiar) that they forget what ‘literary frameworks’ are, or what a ‘literary approach’ is. These pages should help with that.
The frameworks/concepts covered here are:
Note that these frameworks are also relevant to the study of language, and can be used to analyse ‘language’ texts. It is perfectly possible to discuss the voice of an article, and imagery can commonly be found in many texts, from spoken language to advertising. Do not assume if you are studying A Level Language that you have waved metaphor goodbye along with Shakespeare and 19th century literature!
Comparative Analysis note:
In comparing texts analytically, you should select a range of frameworks to help you. One of the things you need to demonstrate is an understanding that different kinds of texts can/should be approached differently, so don’t feel you need to manufacture the same amount to say about every text for each framework, especially if you’re comparing different modes or analysing literary and non-literary texts together.