Grammar

Textual Analysis work always requires you to analyse the effect of grammatical and lexical features of the text. Therefore, grammar is only one aspect, but a solid knowledge of grammar is often a differentiating feature of a very strong candidate.

All Language students should be comfortable with identifying:

  • Nouns: abstract and concrete, proper and common
  • Pronouns: person (1st etc) and number (singular or plural)
  • Adjectives and adverbs
  • Modifiers and intensifiers
  • Verbs including infinitives
  • Grammatical words vs lexical words
  • Simple sentences

Most of you will also understand all or some of the following:

  • Pronoun use and its effects
  • Pre- and post- modification of nouns
  • Comparatives/superlatives of adjectives
  • Types of adverbs (manner/intensity/time/place)
  • Verbs – aspect/tense; main/modal/auxiliary/primary
  • Verb subjects and objects
  • Adverbials
  • Morphology
  • Different uses/functions of same word (eg “teaching” as verb/noun/adjective)
  • Conjunctions – co-ordinating and subordinating
  • Determiners – usage and effects
  • Prepositions/prepositional phrases
  • Sentence types by function (declarative/imperative etc)
  • Compound and complex sentences

A few of you aiming for a top grade will understand:

  • Passive/active voice verbs
  • Finite/non-finite verb forms
  • Relative clauses

Use these grammar pages to help you learn the word classes.
Please note: Lang-Lit students are not usually expected to use the full range of grammatical terms that Language students are.