Here are some examples of effective uses of semantics:
COMPARISON/MODE ANALYSIS - semantic features may be different in different modes, e.g. written language is more likely to be figurative than spontaneous speech.
CHILD LANGUAGE - children’s early spoken words tend to come from a small range of semantic fields, e.g. toys, food, social words, people. Children’s early writing also tends to reflect their interests or school topics, e.g. a 6 year-old may use a range of football-related terms in a story, or they may use several words from the field of dinosaurs.
VARIATION - words may be used differently in different linguistic varieties e.g. youth dialect uses ‘gay’ and ‘sick’ differently to the standard.
CHANGE - semantic shifts such as pejoration/amelioration, weakening, broadening/narrowing are worth discussing.
LANG-LIT: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS -semantic analysis is likely to focus on imagery in the poetry coursework, while comparative analysis of different kinds of text may require consideration of the semantic fields used. It is likely, for example, that a literary text may use a greater range of lexis within the main semantic field than a transcript of spontaneous speech would. It is also probable that written texts may use secondary semantic fields metaphorically more than the spoken text will.