Textual Analysis work always requires you to analyse the effect of grammatical and lexical features of the text. Therefore, grammar is only one aspect, but a solid knowledge of grammar is often a differentiating feature of a very strong candidate.

All Language students should be comfortable with identifying:

  • Nouns: abstract and concrete, proper and common
  • Pronouns: person (1st etc) and number (singular or plural)
  • Adjectives and adverbs
  • Modifiers and intensifiers
  • Verbs including infinitives
  • Grammatical words vs lexical words
  • Simple sentences

Most of you will also understand all or some of the following:

  • Pronoun use and its effects
  • Pre- and post- modification of nouns
  • Comparatives/superlatives of adjectives
  • Types of adverbs (manner/intensity/time/place)
  • Verbs – aspect/tense; main/modal/auxiliary/primary
  • Verb subjects and objects
  • Adverbials
  • Morphology
  • Different uses/functions of same word (eg “teaching” as verb/noun/adjective)
  • Conjunctions – co-ordinating and subordinating
  • Determiners – usage and effects
  • Prepositions/prepositional phrases
  • Sentence types by function (declarative/imperative etc)
  • Compound and complex sentences

A few of you aiming for a top grade will understand:

  • Passive/active voice verbs
  • Finite/non-finite verb forms
  • Relative clauses

Use these grammar pages to help you learn the word classes.
Please note: Lang-Lit students are not usually expected to use the full range of grammatical terms that Language students are.


Frameworks ebook

All the frameworks material on this site will remain freely available here, but if you’d like to download most of it in one neat package*, to be read on a Kindle or in the Kindle app (which is free and works on PC, tablet or phone), it is available as an ebook for £2.50 on Amazon (or free on Kindle Unlimited) – see below. 

*all the pages are there, but a few of them have been updated a bit since I put the book together.